Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain In Owings Mills, MD

Low back pain is a recurrent and sometimes persistent disorder that can result from several different known or unknown abnormalities or diseases. Risk factors include prior low back pain, poor back endurance, lifting or carrying > 25 lbs., and manual jobs. In 2019, low back pain was the number one reason for disability in the world.

97% of low back pain is mechanical in nature. Nonspecific low back pain (meaning pain that is a symptom of an unknown cause) is the most common form of low back-related condition.

Mechanical low back pain treatment diagnoses include: Low back strain/sprain; Degenerative disc/facets; Disc herniation; Spinal stenosis (pinching of spinal cord or nerves); Spondylosis (degenerative arthritis of the spine); Spondylolisthesis (slipping of 1 vertebra on the next); and Spinal instability.

At MCPT, individuals with low back pain will complete a Low Back Pain Questionnaire to help our Physical Therapist assess their condition, its severity, and impact on your life, work, or exercise.

A comprehensive Initial Evaluation will be performed that will allow our Physical Therapist to understand the nature of the patient’s specific condition. The pain, movement, or symptom that prompted the individual to seek treatment will be identified. The evaluation will include identifying other medical conditions which may complicate the individual's recovery, medical and back-related history, movement assessment (active and passive physiological movements as well as passive accessory joint movement), palpation testing, neurological testing, flexibility testing, and performance of special tests.

An individual treatment plan is then created that may include: specific exercises designed to modulate pain (such as strengthening, PNF-based, postural, motor control, and stabilization exercises); manual therapy (such as joint mobilization and manipulation, soft tissue mobilization, myofascial release, Strain-Counterstrain, etc.); Functional Dry Needling; Modalities as indicated (such as TENS/Electrical Stimulation, Ultrasound, Mechanical Traction, moist heat, cryotherapy, etc), and the development of a concise and comprehensive Home Exercise Program.

MCPT provides a full hour with the Physical Therapist during the Initial Evaluation. Future visits consist of a minimum of 30-40 minutes with the Physical Therapist in addition to other supervised treatment.

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Maryland Center for Physical Therapy


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